The Neanderthals’ story has been transformed thanks to new discoveries and paradigm-shattering scientific innovations. We can now trace their evolution in Europe and spread across Asia, study their DNA and piece together how they lived and died.
Far from today’s stereotypes, the Neanderthals’ behaviour was surprisingly modern: they buried the dead, cared for the sick, hunted large animals, used red pigment and spoke.
If Neanderthals were so advanced, why did they die out and Homo sapiens survive? By looking at the full Neanderthal story, we can better address the biggest mystery of all: what it means to be human.