The institutionalization of contemporary art, seen on a global scale, has only just begun. Despite an increase in global art production, and in the number of biennials, contemporary art has yet to find its footing in the museums outside the West-a phenomenon likely to affect the future of the museum. While migration is the issue in artists’ circles, public museums as local institutions are confronted with the challenge of globalization. While migration is the issue in artist’s circles, public museums as local institutions are confronted with the challenge of globalization.The reciprocal impact of contemporary non-Western art and local museums all over the world is the main focal point of this book. It assembles a group of art critics, anthropologists, and museum curators who address the identity of the museum and its change from a variety of viewpoints that reflect their different backgrounds. The critical essays were written for two international conferences, while other texts were chosen for their significance as exemplary analyses for the present situation.